The Numbers are Staggering
26 million Americans have kidney disease. That is 1 in 9 adult Americans. Millions more are at risk.
- Mississippi ranks among the top in the nation in incidences of kidney disease.
- African Americans are four times more likely to develop kidney disease than white Americans.
- Jackson has a 26% higher prevalence of kidney failure than the national average.
- Jackson has a 7% higher rate of newly diagnosed cases of kidney failure than the national average.
- More than 75% of African Americans in Jackson who have kidney failure also have diabetes or hypertension.
The Silent Disease
As with cancer or heart disease, kidney disease can be a silent killer. Many people are not diagnosed until too late in this progressive disease. With kidney disease, there may be little or no symptoms, so many people are not diagnosed until too late in this progressive disease.
Are You at Risk?
If you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of kidney disease, you are considered at risk. Ask your doctor for two tests, 1) a urine test to check for protein in the urine, and 2) a blood test to check your creatinine level. From this, your GFR (glomerular filtration rate) can be calculated. If you do not have a doctor, please call the Mississippi Kidney Foundation to find when the next free screening will be offered in your area.
Kidney Disease: The “Silent” Disease…Are You at Risk?
The Mississippi Kidney Foundation has printed 80,000 brochures designed to target those at risk of kidney disease. These brochures have been sent to over 100 nurse practitioners and medical clinics across the state. If you would like to order some of these free brochures, please call the MS Kidney Foundation at (601) 981-3611.
Nurse Practitioners, Family Physicians, Congregational Care Nurses: please call our office at (601) 981-3611 and ask for these free brochures to be sent to you.
Five Stages of Kidney Disease
Stages 1 and 2 … Stages 1 and 2 usually have no symptoms to indicate that the kidneys are damaged. People are usually diagnosed through being tested for other conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes, which are the two leading causes of kidney disease.
Stage 3 … Symptoms may develop in Stage 3, such as puffy eyes or swollen hands and feet. Changes in urination (more frequent urination, burning during urination, or bloody urination) may also be a sign of Stage 3, along with pain in the small of back and fatigue. It is recommended that you see a kidney specialist (nephrologist) at Stage 3.
Stage 4 … Stage 4 patients have advanced kidney damage. Additional symptoms from Stage 3 may include nausea, difficulty in concentrating, loss of appetite or metallic taste in mouth.
Stage 5 … Stage 5 patients are in kidney failure. Treatment includes dialysis or transplantation.